By Alex Bridges -- email@example.com
Minorities make up more than half the nation's children under age 1 as of July 1, the U.S. Census Bureau announced Thursday.
The agency also estimates minorities make up 49.7 percent of the population of children under 5, according to the bureau. The bureau defines a minority as anyone not single-race white and not Hispanic. A population greater than 50 percent minority is considered "majority-minority," according to a bureau press release.
By the bureau's definition, Winchester falls under the "majority-minority" when considering its children under 5 years old. However, data from the decennial census taken as of April 1, 2010, and estimates from July 1, 2011, Winchester's population of minority children under 5 years old has declined. Meanwhile the city's neighbors in the Northern Shenandoah Valley have seen the number of minority children increase in the year after the census, according to Robert Bernstein, with the bureau's public information office.
Census data and estimates show:
- Frederick County minorities under 5 rose from 24.70 percent as of Census Day April 1, 2010, to an estimated 28.29 percent July 1, 2011
- Shenandoah County minorities under 5 rose from 19.80 percent to 21.50 percent
- Warren County minorities under 5 rose from 16.30 percent to 19.90 percent
- Winchester minorities under 5 fell from 55.7 percent to 54.4 percent
Statewide figures show that minorities make up 49.1 percent of the population of children under 1 and 46.9 percent of youths younger than 5, according to Bernstein.
Virginia's minority population among children remains below national averages.
Estimates from the bureau show 50.4 percent of the U.S. population younger than 1 year old were minorities, according to a bureau press release. That number represents an increase from 49.5 percent calculated in the U.S. Census taken April 1, 2010. The population younger than 5 rose from 49.0 percent minority in the census to 49.7 percent as of July 1, 2011, according to the bureau.
The agency did not have estimates by locality for children under age 1, Bernstein said.
The data released by the bureau marks the first set of population estimates by race, Hispanic origin, age and sex since the 2010 Census. The estimates look at population change for the groups across the nation as well as within each state and county or city, according to the release.
The bureau estimated 114 minorities live in the United States and make up 36.6 percent of the population. The number represents an increase from 36.1 percent in 2010.
The bureau also classifies five states or their equivalents as majority-minority: Hawaii at 77.1 percent minority; the District of Columbia at 64.7; California at 60.3 percent; New Mexico at 59.8 percent and Texas at 55.2 percent. No other state had a minority population greater than 46.4 percent of the total, according to the bureau.
Additionally, the bureau reported that more than 11 percent of the nation's counties were majority-minority as of July 1, 2011, nine of which achieved the status since the April 1, 2010 census.