Gerald Almy: Best lures for summer, fall river smallmouths

Gerald Almy

Gerald Almy

When the sun bears down hot and relentlessly during summer, few types of fishing offer more soothing relief than casting to river smallmouths. You can use a kayak, canoe or johnboat to get into fresh, lightly tapped stretches, but plan on wet wading in old jeans or khakis at least part of the day to stay cool when temperatures rise into the 80s and 90s. 

A modest selection of lures will serve you well on smallmouth waters throughout the state, anywhere from the James, Potomac, and New to our own nearby Shenandoah River. But it’s important to customize the choice of offerings you use to suit the low river levels and crystal clear water typical of summer and early fall. Thick monofilament and large lures might have worked in spring, but now it’s time for 4-6 pound line, light rods and small to medium-sized baits. (Flies, of course, are also a good option: see the note at the end of this piece about that alternative.)

The surface is the most enjoyable place to start with any gamefish. Bronzebacks often feed on top when waters are warm in summer and early fall, chasing damsel and dragonflies, nabbing grasshoppers, sipping in large mayflies, and slashing at baitfish. You don’t have to “match the hatch” for smallmouths, but rather simply find out if the fish are in the mood for topwater, and then present them with one of a few favorite offerings they seem to relish.

Two top picks include a prop lure such as the HeddonTiny and Teeny Torpedos and a stickbait such as a small Zara Puppy or Pooch. Poppers sometimes work, too, and a small black Jitterbug can be deadly at night. 

If you want to go a bit lower in the water column, bridging the gap between surface and shallow, try thin minnow plugs such as the Rapala. Cast to prime targets and twitch the lure gently, then let it rest. Twitch it again and wait. A slamming strike is likely. If that doesn’t produce, reel back slow and steady. 

Soft plastic jerkbaits work great for summer and fall smallmouths because of their erratic, life-like motion and pliable feel once a fish grabs them. Try them on top first, twitching and darting the lure chaotically like a minnow in its death throes. Pause next to rocks, ledges or logjams so the lure sinks briefly. If this doesn’t produce, try the same tactic a few feet below the surface. 

Crankbaits are next on the list. They bridge the gap from mid-level to the bottom. Try small versions of the same lures you use for largemouths as well as the mini-cranbaits made by Rebel and Yo-Zuri. Also stock a few that specifically imitate crayfish-a prime smallmouth food. Probe deeper pools, runs, undercut banks, and ledges, bouncing the lures off rocks and logs to draw instinct-strikes from bronze bass waiting in ambush.

When smallmouths are hovering on or near the river bed, few lures can top a soft plastic offering rigged with enough weight to crawl right over the rocks and ledges found there. Grubs work best of all. Rig them on a 1/16-1/8 ounce round jighead or Carolina-style with the last 1/8 inch of the head impaled on a size 4-8 hook, 18-24 inches behind a split shot or ¼-ounce egg sinker and swivel. Top colors include pumpkin seed, smoke, watermelon, motor oil, and chartreuse. Four-inch plastic worms are another great choice-rigged either Texas-style or with multiple exposed hooks if snags aren’t a problem. 

Where to fish:  River smallmouths often seem to be everywhere, but you’ll draw more strikes and bigger fish by concentrating on these types of cover during summer and early fall: points, undercut banks, ledges, rock piles, fallen trees, stumps, docks, edges of weed beds, riprap, deep holes, eddies, riffles, and runs. Also be on the watch for fish swirling. It could be a single fish nabbing a shiner or a school of three-pounders waiting to do battle!

Extras: For a successful and safe summer or fall smallmouth outing, bring these items along: polarizing sunglasses, hat with brim, sunscreen, drinks, insect repellent, line clippers and a small tackle box or vest to carry extra gear and lures in. 

Finally, if you want to use flies instead of lures, stop in at Murray’s Fly Shop in Edinburg, or visit Harry’s website at and order a few of his flies designed especially for the Shenandoah. He also offers informative schools on fly fishing and guided trips on the river.

Award-winning outdoors writer Gerald Almy is a Maurertown resident.

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