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Brittany Michael

Cook that bird safely!

Over the next couple of months people will be getting together for different holidays and events. This is the time for cooking, sharing, eating, celebrating and very hectic schedules. It is also the time for forgetfulness when it comes to food safety, leaving us with foodborne illnesses! Keep everyone safe and healthy by following these simple guidelines for a food borne illness-free season!

Cooking:


  • Use a food thermometer to make sure the turkey has reached a safe internal temperature of 165 °F; do not rely solely on the pop-up tabs!

  • Check the temperature in the innermost part of the thigh, wing and the thickest part of the breast.

  • Be sure the turkey is completely thawed before cooking (always thaw your turkey in the refrigerator set at 40 °F or below NEVER on your countertop), this ensures the bird has not reached the temperature danger zone where bacteria grows and can make you sick!

APPROXIMATE COOKING TIMES: (325 °F oven temperature)

UNSTUFFED (time in hours)


  • 4 to 6 lb breast ----1 1/2 to 2 1/4

  • 6 to 8 lb breast --- 2 1/4 to 3 1/4

  • 8 to 12 lbs -------- 2 3/4 to 3

  • 12 to 14 lbs -------- 3 to 3 3/4

  • 14 to 18 lbs -------- 3 3/4 to 4 1/4

  • 18 to 20 lbs -------- 4 1/4 to 4 1/2

  • 20 to 24 lbs -------- 4 1/2 to 5

STUFFED (time in hours)


  • 8 to 12 lbs ------ 3 to 3 1/2

  • 12 to 14 lbs ----- 3 1/2 to 4

  • 14 to 18 lbs ----- 4 to 4 1/4

  • 18 to 20 lbs ----- 4 1/4 to 4 3/4

  • 20 to 24 lbs ----- 4 3/4 to 5 1/4



METHOD

SIZE

ESTIMATED

COOKING TIME

NOTES

Electric Roaster Oven

8 - 24 lbs.

Generally same times as for oven roasting

Minimum oven temperature 325 °F

Grilling: Covered Charcoal or Covered Gas

 

8 - 16 lbs.

15 - 18 minutes per pound. Do Not Stuff

Air in the grill must maintain 225 to 300 °F

Smoking

8 - 12 lbs.

20 to 30 minutes per pound. Do Not Stuff

Air in the smoker must maintain 225 to 300 °F

Deep Fat Frying

8 - 12 lbs.

3 to 5 minutes per pound. Do Not Stuff

Oil must maintain 350 °F

Microwaving

8-14 lbs.

9 to 10 minutes per pound on medium (50%) power. Do Not Stuff

Use oven cooking bag. Rotate during cooking

 

(Source: USDA Turkey Basics)

 



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Topics

Author - Brittany Michael Author - Karen Poff Author - Karen Ridings Family & Human Development Family Financial Management Food, Nutrition, Health




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